"Critics will argue that this translates into a benefit for only one in 1,400 men, while around one in 30 men were harmed because they had to deal with the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer that would never otherwise have caused any problem."
Andriole et al (2009): U.S. results of Prostate Screening, NEJM
Schröder et al (2009): European results of Prostate Screening, NEJM
I don't think I've covered prostate cancer before, which struck me as desperately unfair when I considered that I've covered menstrual-based differences several times (examples). Now, I don't think the problem implicated here is unique to men; for example, I have serious doubts about the risk-benefit ratio for some of the HPV tests available to women, and aggressively advertised on TV and in magazines.
edit: Please see comments for discussion of HPV Vaccine risks.
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